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The Ventura County SELPA promotes Positive Behavior Interventions (PBI) which is a philosophical viewpoint for addressing non-desired behaviors in students.
The basic tenets of PBI are:
The Ventura County SELPA has consistently promoted PBI as an overall construct since 1993 through its leadership, staff training, policies, forms, guidelines and published materials.
For additional information on Behavioral Intervention Plans from the California Department of Education (CDE)
UPCOMING VC SELPA BEHAVIOR TRAININGS
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For a special education student who is exhibiting challenging behaviors which are disrupting the learning process or social activities of self or others at school, the IEP Team may develop a plan to intervene, or change the student's behavior. The plan that is developed would use the techniques of Positive Behavior Intervention, based on the principles of ABA. The teacher, parents and other staff who know the student would share information about the occurrence of the behavior, including:
Once these issues were all agreed upon, the team would next:
These plans, if implemented with fidelity by all parties involved, can be very effective in changing behaviors so that the student is more ready and available to learn. Most plans are developed by the teacher in collaboration with the IEP Team and adopted at the IEP Team Meeting. (See Behavior Continuum). Members of the IEP Team may or may not conduct an informal Behavior Analysis/Review (BA/RW) or Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA).
If the IEP Team decides a Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP) is needed, it would be developed and attached to the IEP. There are no legally mandated requirements for a BIP, and the Ventura County SELPA offers two different versions, a Positive Behavior Intervention Plan (PBIP) and a Comprehensive Behavior Intervention Plan (CBIP). A PBIP or CBIP should always have goals for teaching a new skill correlated to the behavior and there may be another for measuring the reduction (or elimination) of the non-desired behavior. The PBIP or CBIP and goals become a part of the IEP and progress toward those goals are reported to parents at the periods described in the IEP.
Both PBIPs and CBIPs must have clear methods of data collection to determine their effectiveness. Classroom staff should be collecting data on the occurrence of the new behavior, and report progress to parents along with all other IEP goals. For a list of ideas for interventions please refer to "The 20 Most Challenging Behaviors" in the Positive Behavior Interventions Handbook.
For all Behavior Intervention Forms and Instructions go to "PBI Forms and Instructions."
School or Licensed Educational Psychologists and Board Certified Behavior Analysts are qualified by their professional preparation program to conduct an FBA. In addition, the Ventura County SELPA believes that other staff that meet the following criteria are also properly trained to conduct FBAs:
Possession of a professional license, credential, or bachelor's/master's degree in a related field and